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Genesis 10




SCRIPTURE: Genesis 10

OK… I know I said at the beginning of our study of Genesis that I would probably skip over the genealogy chapters.  But we did the first one because of some important information we find there.  And now we need to do the second genealogy because of some important information we find there.  We will see later what we will do with the third genealogy.

This is not a typical genealogy for a couple of reasons.  One, it is not complete.  That doesn’t mean it is wrong.  It is just all inclusive.  Second, it divides people by clan, language, land, and nation (verse 31).  Most other genealogies just list people as offspring.

When we get to verse 8, we have what is called a parenthetical statement.  The genealogy beginning in verse 6 is just sort of rocking along until we meet a man named Nimrod.  The Bible describes him as a mighty man and a mighty hunter before the Lord.  When you first look at that, you might think Nimrod must have been a faithful man who had a good relationship with God.  But that is not the case.  

As you read on in verses 10-11 you find that he founded a couple of interesting places.  One was Babel which we will read about in chapter 11.  Babel would later be known as Babylon.  Suffice it to say that although God would use Babylon later on to discipline Israel, Babel/Babylon were not a good place.  In fact, Babylon is prominent in Revelation as descriptive of the forces that stand against God.  Verse 11 adds Nineveh to Nimrod’s accomplishments.  If you remember the story of Jonah, you might remember that Nineveh was not a very nice place either.

The point is this.  The fact that a man is a mighty or great man or even a mighty hunter does not make him necessarily a good man.  Even being “before” the Lord does not necessarily make you a good man.  At the end of the day all men (and women) are before the Lord.  There are no exceptions to that.  

In verse 21, we get to Shem’s ancestry.  Verse 24 ends with a man named Eber.  Although it is not mentioned here probably because Abraham was not born yet, Abraham came from the line of Eber.  Many rightly consider Abraham the father of the Hebrew nation (Israel).  And it is through the line of Abraham that Jesus’ human lineage flows.

Then in verse 25, we find another interesting statement.  We read that a man named Peleg was born to Eber and that during Peleg’s day the earth was divided.  That is a curious statement. 

Some people believe that is a reference to the dividing of the continents and the rearranging of the land masses.  I don’t subscribe to that theory but it is nevertheless interesting.  I tend to think this has more to do with God’s will for the people on the earth to scatter and repopulate the earth.  As we will see in the next chapter, there was an effort to keep all the people groups together as they built the Tower of Babel.  God didn’t take that very well and created a process that caused the groups of people to separate.

Let me try to end this with a couple of insights to this chapter.  One, God is the God of all nations.  He actually decides what nations will exist and what their boundaries will be (Acts 17:26).  So, all of these nations that began in this chapter were in place because of God not in spite of God.  Two, God has a purpose for all nations to fulfill even those that are pagan nations.  (As mentioned earlier, God would use Babylon and even Assyria to discipline Israel.)  Finally, God loves people in every nation and every people group.  That’s the reason Jesus gave us a Great Commission that sends us to all the nations.

Posted by Joe Ligon with 0 Comments

Genesis 9




SCRIPTURE: Genesis 9

As the chapter opens, the flood waters have receded and Noah and his family have walked out of the ark to what must have been a very pristine world.  It is there we read where God said to Noah, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth”.  This is what God told Adam in the beginning.  God repeated this command to Noah in verse 7.

There is at least once difference between what God told Adam and what He told Noah.  Noah was not given dominion over creation.  The harmony that existed in nature that Adam and Even enjoyed was gone.  It will be gone until the Millennial Kingdom is established. 

In fact, in verse 2 God put a fear of man upon all the living creatures of the earth.  There is probably a most practical reason for this.  Since animals tend to multiply much faster than humans, the fast growing number of animals could have been a threat to the future of human life. 

There is another difference that we encounter.  Noah and his family were given permission to eat meat.  The one restriction was that they were not to eat meat with the blood in it.  That means after they killed an animal they had to drain the blood from it before they were to cook it and eat it.  The reason God gives for this is the “life is in the blood”.    Later in the Old Testament, we see the importance of blood as the blood of the sacrifices was used “to cover” the sins of the people. In the New Testament the blood of Jesus washes our sin away. 

From there God moved on to talk about the shedding of human blood.  The human race really had a bad track record for this one.  Cain had killed his brother.  Lamech (on Cain’s side) had killed a young man.  In Genesis 6, the earth was full of all kinds of violence.  So, now that God had put the fear of man in animals, he was going to put the fear of God in man when it came to humans killing humans.

Those who kill other humans will have to answer to God because we humans are made in the image of God.  To attack another human is to attack God’s image.  In fact, to take away life means to take the place of God.  The killer becomes his own god.

This has to do with murder.  It does not have to do with government using capital punishment.  Human government is ordained by God.  It does not have to do with military action because that too is ordained by God.  This has to do with premeditated murder.

From the there the narrative shifts to the covenant that God is about to make.  If you will look in verse 9, this covenant was not just made with Noah but with every human that is descended from Noah (which would be all of us) as well as with all the animal kingdom.  The promise God makes is never to produce another world wide flood to destroy the face of the earth. 

Covenants are most powerful relationships.  Every covenant I know of has a token or a visible symbol of the covenant relationship so that everyone knows about covenant.  In the Noahic covenant God put the rainbow in the sky as proof that the rain from now on would stop before the entire world was flooded.  Every time we see a rainbow we should remember this promise that God made and thank Him that we are covered in the covenant.

Although some would disagree with me, I think this episode in which God put the rainbow in the sky was the first time anyone had ever seen a rainbow.  Imagine that.  When we see rainbows today, even though we have seen countless ones, we are all still a bit struck by the beauty of the colors in the sky.  I wonder what Noah and his family thought when they saw that first one.

Posted by Joe Ligon with 0 Comments

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